Bartnik, L., Farmer, K., Ireland, A., Murray, L. & Robinson, J. (2010) "We Will Be Assimilated: Five Experiences in Embedded Librarianship", , 15 pages. doi: Public Services Quarterly 10.1080/15228959.2010.498772. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/152... Abstract▼ Embedded librarians are attempting assimilation into a new pedagogical collective outside the library, often with a mission to improve the quality of service to that collective. But like the Borg, embedded librarians may not be achieving the results they envision. This article documents the varied experiences of five reference librarians at Murray State University and the challenges faced in incorporating themselves within the fabric of their college. The examinations by each individual will include a brief history of their liaison position, challenges and obstacles encountered, and embedding methods utilized in an attempt to achieve successful assimilation. Bernardi, D. (1998) Star Trek and History: Race-Ing Toward a White Future, Rutgers University Press, 247 pages. https://books.google.co.il/bo... Abstract▼ Star Trek is an enduring icon in American popular culture. For many viewers, the science fiction series represents the bold exploration of the unknown and the humanistic respect of the foreign and the alien. In fact, it is Star Trek's vision of a utopian future where humans no longer engage in racism, sexism, capitalism, among other "-isms" that many fans claim is the main reason for their loyalty. But is the visionary Trek future world truly colorblind?
Star Trek and History traces the shifting and reforming meaning of race articulated throughout the Star Trek television series, feature films, and fan community. Daniel Bernardi investigates and politicizes the presentation of race in Star Trek in the original series of the 1960s, the feature films and television spin-offs of the 1980s and 1990s, and the current fan community on the Internet. Through both critical and historical analysis, the book proposes a method of studying the framing of race in popular film and television that integrates sociology, critical theory, and cultural studies.
Bernardi examines the representational and narrative functions of race in Star Trek and explores how the meaning of race in the science fiction series has been facilitated or constrained by creative and network decision-making, by genre, by intertextuality, and by fans. He interprets how the changing social and political movements of the times have influenced the production and meaning of Trek texts and the ways in which the ongoing series negotiated and reflected these turbulent histories. Most significantly, Bernardi tells us why is it important for readers to better understand the articulation of race in this enduring icon of American popular culture. Bowring, M. A. (2004) "Resistance is Not Futile: Liberating Captain Janeway from the Masculine-Feminine Dualism of Leadership", , 25 pages. doi: Gender, Work and Organization 10.1111/j.1468-0432.2004.00239.x. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1... Abstract▼ My underlying purpose in this article is to uncover the way in which research on leadership has been constrained by a reliance on the categories male-female and/or masculine-feminine for theorizing and for empirical work. I argue that both gender and leadership are caught within what Judith Butler calls the heterosexual matrix and that this has significant repercussions on leaders and leadership discourse. I use the character of Captain Kathryn Janeway from Star Trek: Voyager as a case study. I begin by analysing her leadership on the television series. I then perform a similar analysis of Janeway as she is represented in a text that subverts her gender by queering her character. I compare the two Janeways and the effect that the construction of each one's gender has on her leadership. In the conclusion I discuss ways in which we can use this analysis to move towards fluidity in the theorizing and practice of both gender and leadership. Braschi, E. & McBride, H. M. (2010) "Mitochondria and the Culture of the Borg", , 9 pages. doi: BioEssays 10.1002/bies.201000073. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/bie... Abstract▼ As endosymbionts, the mitochondria are unique among organelles. This review provides insights into mitochondrial behavior and introduces the idea of a unified collective, an interconnected reticulum reminiscent of the Borg, a fictional humanoid species from the Star Trek television series whereby decisions are made within their network (or “hive”), linked to signaling cascades that coordinate the cross-talk between mitochondrial and cellular processes (“subspace domain”). Similarly, mitochondrial dynamics are determined by two distinct processes, namely the local regulation of fission/fusion and the global control of their behavior through cellular signaling pathways. Indeed, decisions within the hive provide each mitochondrial unit with autonomous control of their own degradation, whereby mitochondrial fusion is inactivated and they become substrates for autophagy. Decisions within the subspace domain couple signaling pathways involved in the functional integration of mitochondria with complex cellular transitions, including developmental cues, mitosis, and apoptosis. Brkich, C. A. & Barko, T. (2012) "“Our Most Lethal Enemy?”:star Trek, the Borg, and Methodological Simplicity", , 11 pages. doi: Qualitative Inquiry 10.1177/1077800412453019. http://qix.sagepub.com/cgi/co... Abstract▼ In the Star Trek universe, the Borg are a race of cybernetic humanoids intent on assimilating all other sentient beings into a collective consciousness through the elimination of difference. Although it would be easy to reduce the Borg Collective to a symbolic cautionary tale for qualitative researchers, we would like to trouble and extend this analysis. For this special edition of Qualitative Inquiry, we adopt Gilles Deleuze’s theories of banality and of objective–subjective commensurability to pose challenges to simplicity in methodology and product, and apply these lenses to Star Trek: The Next Generation episodes and film, to our own work as qualitative researchers, and to discussions of how the act of blurring the lines between fiction and philosophy through the trope of science fiction cinema can render complex academic writing more accessible and more enjoyable. Buzan, B. (2010) "America in Space: The International Relations of Star Trek and Battlestar Galactica", , 6 pages. doi: Millennium - Journal of International Studies 10.1177/0305829810371016. http://mil.sagepub.com/cgi/co... Abstract▼ Popular culture can be used as a mirror to reflect on how societies think about themselves. Here Star Trek and the recent version of Battlestar Galactica are used to reflect on how America views its own destiny, its relationship to technology and its place in the universe. Space and ‘final frontiers’ are particularly resonant in American culture, and these two television series provide numerous benchmarks by which to contrast the optimistic and outgoing America of the 1960s with the darker and more paranoid America of post-9/11. Can an America that has given up the goal of returning to the moon still claim to own the future, and is the US becoming inward- and backward-looking — a new Middle Kingdom? Consalvo, M. (2004) "Borg Babes, Drones, and the Collective: Reading Gender and the Body in Star Trek", , 27 pages. doi: Women's Studies in Communication 10.1080/07491409.2004.10162472. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/074... Abstract▼ This article studies how representations of the Borg challenge as well as reinforce traditional ideas about gender and the posthuman body. The Borg demonstrate that while traditional ideas about gender are hard to shake, there are some clear challenges to old stereotypes. The article examines the embodiment of the Borg at both the individual and collective level, and how current concerns about posthuman bodies, gender, and liberal individualism are dealt with in this regard. Coppa, F. (2008) "Women, "Star Trek," and the Early Development of Fannish Vidding", . Transformative Works and Cultures http://journal.transformative... Abstract▼ This paper argues that the practices and aesthetics of vidding were structured by the relationship of Star Trek’s female fans to that particular televisual text. Star Trek fandom was the crucible within which vidding developed because Star Trek’s narrative impelled female fans to take on two positions often framed as contradictory in mainstream culture: the desiring body, and the controlling voice of technology. To make a vid, to edit footage to subtext-revealing music, is to unite these positions: to put technology at the service of desire. Although the conflict between desire and control was particularly thematized in Star Trek, most famously through the divided character of Spock, the practices of vidding are now applied to other visual texts. This essay examines the early history of vidding and demonstrates, through the close reading of particular vids made for Star Trek and Quantum Leap, how vidding heals the wounds created by the displacement and fragmentation of women on television. Drum, R. W. & Gordon, R. (2003) "Star Trek Replicators and Diatom Nanotechnology", , 4 pages. doi: Trends in Biotechnology 10.1016/S0167-7799(03)00169-0. http://www.sciencedirect.com/... Abstract▼ Diatoms are single celled algae, the 105–106 species of which create a wide variety of three-dimensional amorphous silica shells. If we could get them to produce useful structures, perhaps by compustat selection experiments (i.e. forced evolution of development or evodevo), their exponential growth in suspension cultures could compete with the lithography techniques of present day nanotechnology, which have limited 3D capabilities. Alternatively, their fine detail could be used for templates for MEMS (micro electro mechanical systems), or their silica deposition systems isolated for guiding silica deposition. A recent paper has demonstrated that silica can be replaced atom for atom without change of shape – a step towards the Star Trek replicator. Frankfurter, G. M. & McGoun, E. G. (2002) "Resistance is Futile: The Assimilation of Behavioral Finance", , 15 pages. doi: Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization 10.1016/S0167-2681(01)00241-4. http://www.sciencedirect.com/... Abstract▼ Diatoms are single celled algae, the 105–106 species of which create a wide variety of three-dimensional amorphous silica shells. If we could get them to produce useful structures, perhaps by compustat selection experiments (i.e. forced evolution of development or evodevo), their exponential growth in suspension cultures could compete with the lithography techniques of present day nanotechnology, which have limited 3D capabilities. Alternatively, their fine detail could be used for templates for MEMS (micro electro mechanical systems), or their silica deposition systems isolated for guiding silica deposition. A recent paper has demonstrated that silica can be replaced atom for atom without change of shape – a step towards the Star Trek replicator. Herringer, L. G. (2000) "The Two Captains: A Research Exercise Using Star Trek", , 2 pages. Teaching of Psychology [Misc.] http://top.sagepub.com/conten... Abstract▼ Students in a research methods course watched episodes of Star Trek (Coon & Roddenberry, 1967)and Star Trek: The Next Generation (Roddenberry, 1990) as an exercise to empirically test the validity of personality impressions, demonstrating the use of operational definitions, interobserver reliability, and behavioral observation. The students first viewed episodes to identify contrasting personality characteristics between 2 Star Trek captains, then operationally defined these in terms of relevant, observable behaviors. To test the hypothesized personality contrasts, students observed the characters in different episodes, recording observations according to the operational definitions. Jenkins, H. (1988) "Star Trek Rerun, Reread, Rewritten: Fan Writing as Textual Poaching", , 23 pages. doi: Critical Studies in Mass Communication 10.1080/15295038809366691. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/152... Abstract▼ This essay rejects media?fostered stereotypes of Star Trek fans as cultural dupes, social misfits, or mindless consumers, perceiving them, in Michel de Certeau's term, as “poachers” of textual meanings who appropriate popular texts and reread them in a fashion that serves different interests. Specifically, the essay considers women who write fiction based in the Star Trek universe. First, it outlines how these fans force the primary text to accommodate alternate interests. Second, it considers the issue of literary property in light of the moral economy of the fan community that shapes the range of permissible retellings of the program materials. Jindra, M. (1994) "Star Trek Fandom as a Religious Phenomenon", , 25 pages. doi: Sociology of Religion 10.2307/3712174. http://www.jstor.org/stable/3... Abstract▼ This essay is an ethnographic exploration of Star Trek fandom. Rather than the more common textual analyses of the program, this article examines the history and practice of the fans themselves, on computer networks, at conventions and in tourism, in “Starfleet” fan clubs and in fan literature. All these fan activities construct and add to the alternative universe of Star Trek while also connecting it with the present. At a time when scholars are finding religion in nonconventional locations, I argue that Star Trek fandom is one of these locations. Star Trek fandom involves a sacralization of elements of our culture, along with the formation of communities with regularized practices that include a “canon” and a hierarchy. Star Trek fandom is also associated with a popular stigma, giving fans a sense of persecution and identity common to active religious groups. Joseph, P. & Carton, S. (1992) "The Law of the Federation: Images of Law, Lawyers, and the Legal System in Star Trek, the Next Generation", , 43 pages. University of Toledo Law Review http://heinonline.org/HOL/Lan... Kozinets, R. V. (2001) "Utopian Enterprise: Articulating the Meanings of Star Trek's Culture of Consumption", , 22 pages. doi: Journal of Consumer Research 10.1086/321948. Abstract▼ In this article, I examine the cultural and subcultural construction of consumption meanings and practices as they are negotiated from mass media images and objects. Field notes and artifacts from 20 months of fieldwork at Star Trek fan clubs, at conventions, and in Internet groups, and 67 interviews with Star Trek fans are used as data. Star Trek's subculture of consumption is found to be constructed as a powerful utopian refuge. Stigma, social situation, and the need for legitimacy shape the diverse subcultures' consumption meanings and practices. Legitimizing articulations of Star Trek as a religion or myth underscore fans' heavy investment of self in the text. These sacralizing articulations are used to distance the text from its superficial status as a commercial product. The findings emphasize and describe how consumption often fulfills the contemporary hunger for a conceptual space in which to construct a sense of self and what matters in life. They also reveal broader cultural tensions between the affective investments people make in consumption objects and the encroachment of commercialization. Krauss, L. M. (2007) The Physics of Star Trek, Basic Books, 282 pages. https://books.google.co.il/bo... Abstract▼ What warps when you’re traveling at warp speed? What is the difference between a wormhole and a black hole? Are time loops really possible, and can I kill my grandmother before I am born? Anyone who has ever wondered "could this really happen?” will gain useful insights into the Star Trek universe (and, incidentally, the real world of physics) in this charming and accessible guide. Lawrence M. Krauss boldly goes where Star Trek has gone-and beyond. From Newton to Hawking, from Einstein to Feynman, from Kirk to Picard, Krauss leads readers on a voyage to the world of physics as we now know it and as it might one day be. Long, D. L. & Prat, C. S. (2002) "Memory for Star Trek: The Role of Prior Knowledge in Recognition Revisited", , 10 pages. doi: Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 10.1037/0278-73220.127.116.113. Abstract▼ Prior studies have found robust knowledge effects on recall of text ideas but have seldom found comparable effects on recognition. This inconsistency was examined in light of recent research on the component processes that underlie recognition memory. Using the remember/know paradigm, the authors found that experts made more remember judgments than novices, but only in response to text ideas relevant to their domain of expertise. Using the process-dissociation procedure, the authors found knowledge effects on recollection estimates, but not on familiarity estimates. The authors contend that knowledge effects have been difficult to detect in recognition because knowledge primarily affects recollection, whereas familiarity gives rise to good performance even among novices. Martinez, G. A. (1999) "Latinos, Assimilation and the Law: A Philosophical Perspective", . Chicano-Latino Law Review http://heinonline.org/HOL/Lan... Purdy, R. (2014) "Legal and Regulatory Anticipation and ‘Beaming’ Presence Technologies", , 46 pages. doi: Law, Innovation and Technology 10.5235/17579918.104.22.168. http://www.tandfonline.com/do... Tulloch, J. & Jenkins, H. (1995) Science Fiction Audiences: Watching Doctor Who and Star Trek, Routledge, 294 pages. https://books.google.co.il/bo... Abstract▼ Science Fiction Audiences examines the astounding popularity of two television "institutions" - the series Doctor Who and ^Star Trek. Both of these programmes have survived cancellation and acquired an following that continues to grow. The book is based on over ten years of research including interviews with fans and followers of the series. In that period, though the fans may have changed, and ways of studying them as "audiences" may have also changed, the programmes have endured intact, with Star Trek for example now in its fourth television incarnation.
John Tulloch and Henry Jenkins dive into the rich fan culture surrounding the two series, exploring issues such as queer identity, fan meanings, teenage love of science fiction, and genre expectations. They encompass the perspectives of a vast population of fans and followers throughout Britain, Australia and the US, who will continue the debates contained in the book, along with those who will examine the historically changing range of audience theory it presents. and continue to attract a huge community of fans and followers. Doctor Who has appeared in nine different guises and Star Trek is now approaching its fourth television incarnation.Science Fiction Audiences examines the continuing popularity of two television 'institutions' of our time through their fans and followers.
Through dialogue with fans and followers of Star Trek and Dr Who in the US, Britain and Australia, John Tulloch and Henry Jenkins ask what it is about the two series that elicits such strong and active responses from their audiences. Is it their particular intervention into the SF genre? Their expression of peculiarly 'American' and 'British' national cultures. Their ideologies and visions of the future, or their conceptions of science and technology?
Science Fiction Audiences responds to a rich fan culture which encompasses debates about fan aesthetics, teenage attitudes to science fiction, queers and Star Trek, and ideology and pleasure in Doctor Who. It is a book written both for fans of the two series, who will be able to continue their debates in its pages, and for students of media and cultural studies, offering a historical overview of audience theory in a fascinating synthesis of text, context and audience study. Weldes, J. (1999) "Going Cultural: Star Trek, State Action, and Popular Culture", , 18 pages. doi: Millennium - Journal of International Studies 10.1177/03058298990280011201. http://mil.sagepub.com/cgi/co...
Williams, M. L. & Tyree, T. C. (2015) "The “Un-Quiet Queen”: An Analysis of Rapper Nicki Minaj in the "Fame" Comic Book" in Adrienne Trier-Bieniek [ed.] Feminist Theory and Pop Culture, Sense Publishers, 16 pages. Chapter 4 http://link.springer.com/chap...